Millet is a grain of wheat that belongs to the family Poaceae and is commonly known as the grass family.
Millet is widely consumed in developing countries across Africa and Asia. Although it may look like a grain, the nutritional properties of millet are similar to those of sorghum and other grains. Today, millet is also popular in the West because it is gluten free and has a high protein, fiber and antioxidant content.
In general, fine-grained millet is one year old in hot climates and belongs to the grass family. Millet is highly tolerant of drought and other severe weather conditions and has the same nutrient content as other cereals.
Various species called millet have been found in history in different parts of the world including East Asia, South Asia, West Africa and East Africa.
Based on data such as the relative abundance of grains found at archeological sites, archaeologists hypothesize that prehistoric millet was more abundant than rice, especially in northern China and Korea. Millet has also been an important part of the prehistoric diet in the Indian and Neolithic communities of China and Korea.
Traits and types of millet
Millet is an ancient grain that is used both for human consumption and for livestock and poultry feed.
Millet has several advantages over other crops, including drought and pest resistance. It can also survive better in harsh environments and fertile soil. These benefits come from its genetic makeup and physical structure, for example, its size, hardness, and small size.
Although all species of millet belong to the family Poaceae, they differ in color, appearance and species. In one of the categories of this product, it is divided into two main and sub-categories, the main millet being the most popular or the most common cultivated species.
The main millets are :
- Fox tail
- Prose (or white)
- Finger (or ragout)
Sub-millets are :
- Brown top
Pearl millet is the most widely used type produced for human consumption. However, all types of millet are known for their high nutritional value and health benefits. Pearl millet, called Bajra in India, is suitable for soils with low fertility and limited moisture and is a popular food product in India and Africa.
Proso millet, also called common millet or broom millet (Panicum miliaceum), ripens within 60 to 80 days after sowing and is usually used in bird seed mixtures. It is also consumed in Asia and Eastern Europe as a grain and in Elsewhere it is used as animal feed.
Fox tail millet (Setaria italica) has small sharp seeds. Alfalfa is grown in North America and Western Europe and is an important food crop in China and other Asian countries.
Finger millet (Eleusine coracana) is an important food grain in South Asia and parts of Africa.
Japanese millet (Echinochloa frumentacea) is mainly grown as alfalfa in Japan and the United States.
Small millet (Panicum sumatrense) is also a major Indian food product.
Millet is a good source of beef feed and can reduce the need to store feed during the summer months. Of course, the major uses of millet are as part of a grain mixture for feeding parrots, canaries, finches, lovebirds, casco and wild birds, and of course as feed for cattle, sheep, boars and poultry. There are usually two types of bird feed mixtures on the market, one for wild birds and one for caged birds.
Proso millet is similar to barley in animal nutritional value and is commonly used for cattle, sheep and boars. The whole seed can be given to poultry. Protein content is more favorable and higher than corn compared to sorghum and wheat. It also has significantly higher fiber levels.
The amount of nutrients
Each 100 grams of millet contains the following:
- Energy 378 calories
- Carbohydrate 73 g
- Fiber 8.5 g
- Fat 4.2 grams
- Protein 11 g
- Folate 85 micrograms
- Niacin 4.72 g
Iron, manganese, copper, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, selenium and zinc are other valuable substances in millet.
Sadr Novin Khorasan Trading with a 10-year history in the field of import and export and using the experiences of food experts, in every season of the year, brings millet with the highest quality and the most appropriate price to you, dear buyers.
To buy millet or to know the price of millet, contact the collection experts by phone or by sending a message through the contact us page.